Guidelines For Author(s)

Authors Ethics

The following ethical guidelines are obligatory for all author(s) violation of which may result in application of penalties by the editor, including but not limited to the suspension or revocation of publishing privileges.

  1. Authorship Policy
  • Every article is published under the CC-BY license, guaranteeing the author's complete ownership. Articles may be used for any purpose as long as correct referencing and citations are made..
  • The CC-BY license is used to publish every piece on IRJ website, which ensures that the author retains all rights. Articles are free to use as long as they are properly referenced and cited.
  1. Reporting Standards
  • It is the author(s)' responsibility to ensure that the research report and data contain adequate detail and references to the sources of information in order to allow others to reproduce the results.
  • Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior.
  1. Originality and Plagiarism (Similarity Index)
  • It is the author(s)' responsibility to ascertain that he/she has submitted an entirely original work, giving due credit, by virtue of proper citations, to the works and/or words of others
    where they have been used.
  • Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is not acceptable.
  • Material quoted verbatim from the author(s)' previously published work or other sources must be placed in quotation marks.
  • As per HEC’s policy, in case the manuscript has a similarity index of more than 19%, it will either be rejected or left at the discretion of the Editorial Board for the purposes of a conditional acceptance.
  • AL-IMAN is according to HEC’s policy Journal and it is recommended to use Turnitin tool for checking originality of the article.
  • AL-IMAN checks the Similarity Index before and prior the acceptance of the article using Turnitin.
  1. Declaration
  • Authors are required to provide an undertaking / declaration stating that the manuscript under consideration contains solely their original work that is not under consideration for publishing in any other journal in any form.
  • Authors may submit a manuscript previously published in abstracted form, for e.g. in the proceedings of an annual meeting, or in a periodical with limited circulation and
    availability such as reports by the Government agencies or a University.
  • In every article maximum 10% of self citation is allowed.
  • A manuscript that is co-authored must be accompanied by an undertaking explicitly stating that each author has conributed substantially towards the preparation of the manuscript in order to claim right to authorship.
  • It is the responsibility of the corresponding author that he/she has ensured that all those who have substantially contributed in the manuscripts have been included in the author list and they have agreed to the order of authorship.
  1. Multiple, Redundant and Current Publication
  • Authors should not submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to more than one journal or publication except if is a re-submission of a rejected or withdrawn.
  • Authors may re-publish previously conducted research that has been substantially altered or corrected using more meticulous analysis or by adding more data.
  • The authors and editor must agree to the secondary publication, which must cite the primary references and reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document.
  • Concurrent submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
  • Three maximum number of authors are allowed in an article.
  • Same author is not allowed to publish more than one paper per issue.
  • Once the paper is assigned to the reviewer(s), the paper cannot be withdrawn.
  1. Acknowledgment of Sources
  • A paper must always contain proper acknowledgment of the work of others, including clear indications of the sources of all information quoted or offered, except what is common knowledge.
  • The author(s) must also acknowledge the contributions of people, organizations and institutes who assisted the process of research, including those who provided technical help, writing assistance or financial funding (in the acknowledgement).
  • It is duty of the author(s) to conduct a literature review and properly cite the original publications that describe closely related work.
  1. Authorship Credit
  • Authorship of the work may only be credited to those who have made a noteworthy contribution in conceptualization, design, conducting, data analysis and writing of the manuscript.
  • It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to include the name(s) of only those coauthors who have made significant contributions to the work.
  • The corresponding author should ensure that all co- authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspect of the research should be acknowledged for their contribution in an "Acknowledgement" section.
  1. Privacy of Participants
  • Authors must respect the privacy of the participant of research and must not use any information obtained from them without their informed consent.
  • Authors should ensure that only information that improves understanding of the study is shared.
  • Authors must ensure that in instances where the identity of the participant needs to be revealed in the study, explicit and informed consent of the concerned party is obtained.
  • In the case of the demise of a participant, consent must be obtained from the family of the deceased.
  1. Data Access and Retention
  • If any question arises about the accuracy or validity of the research work during the review process, the author(s) should provide raw data to the Editor.
  1. Images
  • The author(s) should ensure that images included in an account of research performed or in the data collection as part of the research are free from manipulation.
  • The author(s) must provide an accurate description of how the images were generated and produced.

     11 Copyright

  • IRJ will only publish open-access publications that are disseminated in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC- BY).
  • The author retains all copyright (s).
  • At the conclusion of the text that is published, IRJ will include the following note: Creative Common CC-BY: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attributes 4.0 License. It permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
  1. Manuscript Acceptance and Rejection
  • The review period can last between 1-2 months or longer and during this period the author(s) reserve the right to contact the Editor to ask about status of the review.
  • Once the review process has been completed, the author will be informed about the status of the manuscript which could either be an acceptance, rejection or revisions. In the case of rejection, the author(s) reserves the right to publish the article elsewhere.
  • In case of revisions, the author(s) must provide an exposition of all corrections made in the manuscript and the revised manuscript should, then, go through the process of affirmation of revisions and be accepted or rejected accordingly.
  • In case of dissatisfaction over the decision of rejection, the author can appeal the decision by contacting the Editor.